- A. General Materials & Mathematics
- B. Statics
- C. Kinematics & Dynamics
- D. Rotational Mechanics
- E. Gravitation & Astronomy
- F. Fluid Mechanics
- G. Vibrations & Mechanical Waves
- H. Sound
- I. Thermodynamics
- J. Electrostatics & Magnetostatics
- K. Electromagnetic Principles
- L. Geometrical Optics
- M. Wave Optics
- N. Spectra & Color
- O. Vision
- P. Modern Physics
J7-11. Paramagnetism And Diamagnetism
To demonstrate paramagnetic and diamagnetic materials.
Suspended samples of bismuth and copper sulfate on stand with horseshoe magnet.
A sample of copper sulfate, a paramagnetic material, is slightly attracted to a magnet. A sample of bismuth, a diamagnetic material, is slightly repelled by a magnet. Samples of copper sulfate and bismuth are balanced on a light dowel rod hanging by a strip of plastic audio recording tape. The 2-kilogauss horseshoe magnet is used to push and/or pull the samples around, illustrating the small paramagnetic and diamagnetic forces.