- A. General Materials & Mathematics
- B. Statics
- C. Kinematics & Dynamics
- D. Rotational Mechanics
- E. Gravitation & Astronomy
- F. Fluid Mechanics
- G. Vibrations & Mechanical Waves
- H. Sound
- I. Thermodynamics
- J. Electrostatics & Magnetostatics
- K. Electromagnetic Principles
- L. Geometrical Optics
- M. Wave Optics
- N. Spectra & Color
- O. Vision
- P. Modern Physics
I4-35. Lowering The Freezing Point Of Water Using Salt
To demonstrate that the freezing point of water can be reduced by putting ice in a salt water bath.
Beaker with icewater, salt (NaCl), digital thermometer.
The temperature of an ice and water mixture is measured with a digital thermometer. Adding salt to the icewater mixture reduces its temperature. The thermometer can be used to stir the mixture. By this technique the freezing point can be lowered as much as 15 degrees celcius.