Molecular Motion Demo - Van Der Walls Forces

Purpose

To introduce the concept of attractive force between molecules.
 

Equipment

E.M.E. Molecular Motion Demonstrator with accessories as pictured.

 

Images

i6-37

Description

A set of steel balls models the air. The balls are set into motion by vibration of the walls with the device tilted. A weak magnet is placed at one end of the volume. If the velocity of the steel ball molecules is small enough some of the balls will stick to the magnet and to each other, representing condensation.