Mariotte'S Bottle

Purpose

To show the range of water jets from different heights along a water column.

Equipment

Marriotte's bottle, pan and level block, water and point source.

Setup Time

5 min.

Images

f4-63

Description

Five water jets emerge from the tank at equal vertical intervals, with the height of the water at that same interval above the top jet. The range of each jet is measured at the level of the bottom of the container. The center jet has the greatest range; each pair of jets having the same vertical distance from the center jet has the same range, where the range is less the further the jet is from the center. ◙

References

Sutton, Demonstration Experiments in Physics, Demonstration M-314. Water Parabolas. ◙Julius Sumner Miller, Very Real Demonstration of Pascal's Principle, AJP 25, 326 (1957). ◙Lester G. Paldy, The Water Can Paradox, TPT 1, 126 (1963). ◙Richard E. Haney, Demonstrations of "Weight," AJP 31, 391-392 (1963). ◙Roy H. Biser, The Water Can Explored Again, TPT 4, 304-305, (1966). ◙Eric Weissman, The Water Flask with Unequal Holes, AJP 34, 1126-1128 (1966). ◙E. J. Ansaldo, On Bernoulli, Toricelli, and the syphon, TPT 20, 243-244 (1982). ◙Richard E. Berg, Derivation of equations for our apparatus.